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Art and contemporary age.
One of the broadest criteria links the beginning of contemporary art with the beginning of the Contemporary Age, at the end of the 18th century with the French Revolution (1789-1799). In this sense, contemporary art begins with Romanticism that was characterized by emphasizing freedom, individuality, sentimentality and subjectivity.

Contemporary art and avant-garde.
Another criterion used to consider artistic productions as contemporary manifestations judges as contemporary that art emerged from the avant-garde emergence of the early twentieth century.

These artistic proposals were distinguished by presenting, both formally and conceptually, a series of ideas that revolutionized the institution of art, such as the break with traditional models or their critical and experimental nature. Some contemporary artistic movements of relevance, in this sense, would be Dadaism, Fauvism, Expressionism, Cubism, Futurism, Neoplasticism and Surrealism.